Today, there are approximately 370 million Indigenous peoples located in 70 countries around the world (United Nations, n.d.). Indigenous peoples are often at greater risk for ill health, as indicated by their high prevalence of major chronic diseases including diabetes, HIV/AIDS, and mental disorders. However, given their disadvantaged and marginalized status in society, indigenous peoples often do not have access to quality professional services (e.g. medical) that may be used to redress their poor health outcomes. In addition, both the number and quality of professionals competent in indigenous health are lacking globally.